最新英语双语新闻:儿童安全座椅使用首次纳入立法 专家:质量监管也要加强

李凡妮 · 2021-06-08 12:22 · 来源:英语口语 · 浏览量:次 · 本文有2472个文字,大小约为9KB,预计阅读时间7分钟

据新华社北京6月1日消息,新修订的未成年人保护法于6月1日起正式实施,对儿童道路交通安全提出新规定,儿童安全座椅的使用首次纳入全国性立法。

儿童安全座椅是儿童乘车安全最有效保护手段

正确使用儿童安全座椅等约束装置是目前公认的保护儿童乘车安全的最有效手段。世界卫生组织《2018年道路安全全球现状报告》显示,儿童约束装置对减少儿童乘员受伤和死亡非常有效,使用儿童约束装置可以使死亡人数至少减少60%。在报告调研的175个国家中,有84个国家制定了儿童约束系统的国家立法。

公安部道路交通安全研究中心机动车辆研究室主任周文辉说,乘车发生碰撞的瞬间,儿童受伤的部位可能是头部、颈部这些比较脆弱的部位,而使用儿童专用安全带或者儿童安全座椅,可以很好地把冲击力分散到人的腰部、腿部等能承受很大冲击力的部位上。

如何选择儿童安全座椅?中国汽车技术研究中心有限公司儿童座椅主检工程师徐哲介绍,第一,要根据孩子的身高体重来选择儿童座椅的规格;第二,要按照儿童座椅说明书或者标识正确安装;第三,对于较小的儿童或婴儿一定要使用后向安装,这样会更加安全;第四,要关注儿童座椅的质量,选购骨架和缓冲材料性能良好的儿童座椅;此外,侧面防护装置或坐垫等附加的防护装置也非常重要。

从立法到执法,仍需进一步完善

我国新修订的未成年人保护法规定,成年人的父母或者其他监护人应当“采取配备儿童安全座椅、教育未成年人遵守交通规则等措施,防止未成年人受到交通事故的伤害”。

“未成年人保护法对于配备儿童安全座椅使用了‘应当’的字眼,也就是说,它是一种强制性的义务,从根本上解决了法律依据的问题。对道路交通安全法的修订以及各地未成年人保护条例的细化起到示范引领作用和上位法的指导作用。”政协第十三届全国委员会社会和法制委员会委员朱征夫说。

全国人大社会建设委员会工青妇室处长王阳说,今年公安部公布的道路交通安全法(修订建议稿)中增加了儿童乘车安全的内容,对禁止儿童乘坐副驾驶和强制使用儿童安全座椅等约束系统做出了更具体的规定,并规定了相应的罚则。如对于应当乘坐安全座椅的对象采用了140厘米的身高标准,相较于之前地方立法的年龄标准,更科学、更便于操作。

预防儿童交通伤害需综合施策、多管齐下

专家表示,预防儿童道路交通伤害,需要多部门合作,整合资源、综合施策、多管齐下。

国务院妇女儿童工作委员会办公室一级巡视员宋文珍说,对儿童道路交通伤害的预防和控制,安全座椅不能解决所有问题,还需要包括家长监护、学校教育、交管部门对道路交通设施的管理及对驾驶员的教育引导、事故急救系统和应急处置等在内的多部门、全方位的配合。

北京青少年法律援助与研究中心主任佟丽华指出,儿童安全座椅要加强质量监管,如果有企业生产假冒伪劣产品,市场监管部门要加大惩罚力度,保障儿童安全座椅在关键的时候确实能够发挥作用,保障儿童的生命健康权。

(原题为《@家长们,不使用儿童安全座椅违法》)

【最新英语双语新闻:儿童安全座椅使用首次纳入立法 专家:质量监管也要加强】英语翻译

According to Beijing of Xinhua News Agency on June 1 message, new castigatory minor protects a law to be carried out formally at rising on June 1, offer new regulation to safety of children road transportation, the use of infant safety seat brings into national legislation first.

Infant safety seat is children takes car security the most effective salvo

Using the tie device such as infant safety seat correctly is the most significant step that at present accepted protective children takes car security. World Health Organization " current situation of road safety whole world reported 2018 " show, the member that children restrains device to be multiplied to reducing children gets hurt and death is very effective, use children restrains device to be able to make dead number reduces 60 % at least. In 175 countries of report survey, 84 countries made children restrain national legislation of the system.

Zhou Wenhui of director of lab of car of motor-driven of research center of safety of transportation of road of the Ministry of Public Security says, produce the moment of collision by the car, the place that children gets hurt may be the head, cervical these weaker position, and use children is special safety belt or infant safety seat, ministry of the waist that can disperse wallop to the person well, leg can bear on the place of very big wallop.

How to select infant safety seat? Seat of children of limited company of research center of Chinese car technology advocate check engineer Xu Zhe introduces, the first, want to choose the norms of children seat according to height weight of the child; The 2nd, want to perhaps mark to be installed correctly according to children seat manual; The 3rd, must use to minor children or baby backward installation, such meetings are more safe; The 4th, want to pay close attention to the quality of children seat, gentle of framework of choose and buy develops the children seat with material good performance; In addition, flank guard or cushion additional guard is very important also.

Arrive from legislation execute the law, still need to be perfected further

Minor of our country new castigatory protects code to decide, the parents of adult is other perhaps guardian ought to " adopt deploy minor of infant safety seat, education to abide by the measure such as traffic regulation, prevent minor to get the harm of traffic accident " .

"Safe to providing children seat used minor protection method ' ought to ' word, that is to say, it is a kind of mandatory obligation, from go up at all the problem that solved legal basis. Of safe to road transportation method edit and of rules of protection of each district minor refine rise to set an example lead action and go up the direct action of a law. " thirteenth of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference countrywide committee society and Zhu Zheng of legal committee committee member's husband say.

Society of countrywide National People's Congress builds committee to be versed in Wang Yang of section chief of green Fu room says, the law of road transportation safety that the Ministry of Public Security announces this year (edit the proposal stalks of grain) in the content that added children to take car security, to prohibiting children is taken deputy drive to waited for tie system to make more specific provision with seat of requisition infant safety, set punish accordingly criterion. If to ought to taking security the object of seat used 140 centimeters height level, relatively the age level of legislation of the place before Yu Zhi, more scientific, more facilitating operation.

Harm of precautionary children traffic needs to apply plan, multibarrel integratedly to fall together

The expert expresses, prevent harm of children road transportation, need much branch cooperation, apply plan, multibarrel integrated resource, integratedly to fall together.

Song Wenzhen of one class floorwalker says office of council of job of children of woman of the State Council, prevent to what children road transportation harms and control, safe seat is insoluble all problems, the education that still needs to include the education of parent custody, school, branch that make a valve to reach pair of drivers to the management of road transportation facilities guides, system of accident emergency treatment and lash-up deal with the much branch that waits inside, all-around cooperate.

Aid of Beijing teenage law and Tong Lihua of research center director point out, infant safety seat should strengthen quality to superintend, if the enterprise gives birth to maternity leave to risk false and inferior product, the market superintends a branch to want to increase castigatory strength, seat of safeguard infant safety is in crucial when can produce effect really, the life health that ensures children fors the time being.

(primary problem is " @ parents, do not use infant safety seat to break the law " )

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