英语双语短新闻:纵深推进“河长制”确保“江水常清” ——探访南水北调中线工程水源地保护的安康故事

张值恒 · 2021-06-08 12:22 · 来源:英语口语 · 浏览量:次 · 本文有4946个文字,大小约为17KB,预计阅读时间13分钟

[摘要]探访南水北调中线工程水源地保护的安康故事...

□ 记者 李荣

滔滔汉江水,蜿蜒三千里。安康是南水北调中线工程水源涵养地之一,也是全省河流最多、河网密度最大、汉江流经最长的地区,奔涌不息的汉江水从安康出陕,最终汇入丹江口水库奔流向北。5月26日,“幸福河湖陕南行——主流媒体走进南水北调水源区”采访活动走进安康市,深入探访南水北调中线工程水源地保护的安康故事。

全方位护好汉江水

母亲河汉江,养育了一代又一代安康儿女。茶余饭后,许多安康市民都会去河边散步。自去年以来,市民发现河道两岸多了一些佩戴着“红袖章”的人,他们时不时在江边巡查,对在江边洗衣服、洗物品等污染汉江的行为进行劝阻。

2020年10月16日,汉滨区政府办印发《汉江中心城区段环境保护工作方案》。该《方案》明确指出,为确保“一弘清水永续北上”,对汉江中心城区段沿江两岸洗衣服、洗车、洗宠物、洗拖把和在水源地保护区域游泳、垂钓等行为,进行为期一年的宣传劝导和专项整治。

“虽然在江边洗衣服是老传统,但现在这水是送北京的,可不能再洗了。”今年60岁的常安根是汉滨区人,从小在汉江边长大,四年前加入汉江护河员志愿者队伍,义务捡拾沿河垃圾,守护母亲河汉江不被污染。

“巡河从早上五点半开始,换班工作,直到晚上九点半结束。”常安根说,以前居住在汉江周围的人喜欢下河洗衣服、洗狗,经过他们的宣传和耐心劝阻,群众已形成自觉保护水源的习惯,很少有人下河污染水源了。

汉滨区汉江城区段环境保护办公室主任杨家成说,为保护汉江,汉滨区专门下设了汉江城区段环境保护办公室,抽调沿江四办三镇社区两违管控、城管、红袖章巡逻队、志愿者服务队人员,专门劝导下河洗衣等不文明行为。

近年来,随着河湖长制全面深入推进,汉滨区扎实推进河湖长从“有实”向“有为”转变,实现了河湖岸线有效管控、水生态环境修复持续向好的态势。杨家成说,截至目前,汉滨区共设立三级河湖长561名、警长30名、督察长29名、护河员506人。此外,当地老党员、志愿者也自发组成老城汉江巡河队,每日定时开展巡查管护,全方位保护汉江水源。

“三长一员”共护一江清水

初夏时节,记者一行走进白河县县河镇红升社区段的黄洋河,这里河水清澈见底,双手捧起河水一饮而尽,甘甜清爽,润喉清心。

黄洋河是汉江一级支流,全长126公里,流域面积964平方公里,也是巴山儿女的母亲河。

“黄洋河水质达到了国家地表水Ⅰ类标准,可以直接饮用。”看着眼前缓缓流淌的黄洋河,县河镇党委书记廖道琴说,当地百姓饮水和灌溉都靠这条河,自南水北调工程实施以来,黄洋河的水不仅是沿线群众用,更重要的是送到北京,我们要像保护眼睛一样保护它。

黄洋河流经县河镇50多公里,为控制旅游对生态环境的影响,县河镇在黄洋河沿线安装了120个摄像头,主要监控乱倒垃圾、乱排污水、违建、违采等行为,一经发现立即处理。

廖道琴介绍,自全面深化河长制工作以来,县河镇在全镇范围内推行“河长+警长+督察长+护河员”的“三长一员”河长制管理机制,分级分段落实监督管护责任。此外,镇上建设了污水处理厂,完成了168户改厨改厕,以确保生活污水无直排,修建垃圾池,严禁下河捕鱼,全力把黄洋河打造成省市区示范河流。

依托良好的生态环境,汉滨区在黄洋河畔建成红升移民搬迁安置小区。通过走“生态宜居和便捷就业”双轨并行的路子,县河镇先后招商引进毛绒玩具企业、服装厂、银雁科技公司等5个社区工厂,建成烤烟、蔬菜2个产业园区,为当地群众提供了500多个就业岗位,使搬迁群众真正实现了“搬得出、稳得住、能致富”目标。

齐抓共管确保一江清水永续北上

白河县城关镇公路村是陕鄂交界处,俗名叫做“下卡子”,这里也是汉江出陕最后一道屏障。

“这里与湖北省郧西县、郧县相邻,俗称‘秦头楚尾’,属于陕西湖北两省共管区域,汉江从这里入鄂,由于地理位置特殊,执法也有一定困难。”看着缓缓流淌的一江清水,白河县城关派出所所长、河道警长宴开和说,以前陕西和湖北都是各管各的,无法形成合力,非法采砂、捕捞时有发生。自两省建立联合会商协商机制以来,白河县组织大型联合执法32次,河道巡查300余次,办理行政处罚案件15起,现在河道监管已经进入常态化,水质得到极大改善。

白河县水利局局长陶定国说,近年来,白河县坚持把水质保护作为头等大事来抓,深入推进河长制工作,落实县镇村三级河长、县镇级河道警长、县级督察长和护河员、监督员、水质监测员的“三长+三员”管理机制,形成了齐抓共管河道、保护水质的良好格局。

在陕鄂交界界牌的公路边,有一幢不起眼的四层居民楼,在一楼一间房子里有六套设备正日夜不停地运转着,一条水管从设备一端直通窗外的汉江河心,电脑屏幕实时显示着各项数据,而屏幕的另一端连的是陕西省生态环境厅。

为确保出陕断面水质达标,2012年,原陕西省环境保护厅(现为陕西省生态环境厅)建成投运的汉江出陕断面水质自动监测站,4小时监测一次,包括氨氮、重金属等14项指标,监测数据实时上传省生态环境厅。

安康市生态环境局白河分局白河水质监测站站长成景胜说,为确保监测数据准确,监测站今年还对采样设备全部进行了升级,据常年监测结果显示,汉江出陕断面水质稳定达到国家规定的Ⅱ类标准,确保了一江清水永续北上。

【英语双语短新闻:纵深推进“河长制”确保“江水常清” ——探访南水北调中线工程水源地保护的安康故事】英语翻译


[Summary] the in good health story that ground of fountainhead of project of central line of tone of north of the water austral seek by inquiry protects. . .

□ reporter Li Rong

Surging Hanjiang water, winding 3000 lis. In good health be south one of ground of self-restraint of fountainhead of project of central line of water north tone, also be complete province river the biggest, Hanjiang sheds density of most, a network of waterways the area with the longest classics, flush the Hanjiang water that does not cease from in good health give short for Shaanxi Province, collect red estuarine reservoir finally torrent and northerly. On May 26, "The travel austral short for Shaanxi Province of happy river lake -- mainstream media is walked into south area of source of water of water north air " interview an activity to walk into in good health city, north of the water austral thorough seek by inquiry moves the in good health story that ground of fountainhead of central line project protects.

All-around protect water of brave man river

Maternal river Hanjiang, fostered generation another acting in good health children. At one's leisure, a lot of in good health citizens can take a walk. Since last year, the citizen discovers wadi two sides is a few more adorning " red armband " person, they are from time to time by the side of the river go on a tour of inspection, to be in Jiang Bian washs the dress, behavior that washs the contaminative Hanjiang such as article to undertake dissuasion.

On October 16, 2020, government of Han Bin district does print and distribute " program of work of environmental protection of section of Hanjiang center city " . This " plan " point out clearly, to ensure " one great clear water is sustainable on north " , wash the dress to two sides of river of edge of section of Hanjiang center city, wash a car, wash pet, wash mop and in fountainhead ground groove guard region swims, the behavior such as go angling, the propagandist advise that has by a definite date one year and special punish.

"Although the dress is washed in Jiang Bian,be old tradition, but now send Beijing this water, but cannot wash again. " this year Chang Angen of 60 years old is person of Han Bin area, be brought up in Hanjiang edge as a child, rank of volunteer of the member that Hanjiang protects a river is joined 4 years ago, rubbish of river of edge of compulsory picking up, hanjiang of guardianship mother river is not polluted.

"River of make one's rounds begins 5:30 from in the morning, shift work, end 9:30 till in the evening. " Chang Angen says, live in the person all round Hanjiang to like to issue a river to wash the dress previously, wash a dog, publicize and dissuade what pass them patiently, masses already formed the habit that protects fountainhead self-consciously, the river below very few somebody pollutes source of water.

Director of office of environmental protection of section of city of Hanjiang of Han Bin area Home Yang accepted theory or formulation, to protect Hanjiang, han Bin area set office of environmental protection of Hanjiang city section technically, transfer edge river 4 do 3 towns community two violate a canal to accuse, staff of group of service of patrol of city canal, red armband, volunteer, the river below special advise washs clothes wait for uncivilized behavior.

In recent years, grow as river lake make full-scale development advance, han Bin division is solid advance river lake to grow from " have solid " to " promising " change, achieved river lake water front effective canal accuses, rehabilitate of aquatic state environment lasts to good posture. Home Yang accepted theory or formulation, up to now, han Bin area establishs lake of 3 class river to grow 561 name, superintendent in all 30 name, superintend the 29 long, member that protect a river 506 people. In addition, local old Party member, volunteer is initiative also team of river of make one's rounds of Hanjiang of compositive old city, daily and time begin canal of go on a tour of inspection to protect, all-around protective Hanjiang fountainhead.

"3 long " protect one river clear water in all

Chu Xia season, reporter group walks into Bai He town of prefectural county river is red the yellow foreign river of section promoting a company, here river water is clear see an end, both hands holds water having a river in both hands quaff, pleasant is sweet relaxed, clear heart of wet one's whistle.

Yellow foreign river is Hanjiang one class affluent, full-length 126 kilometers, drainage area 964 square kilometer, also be the maternal river of Ba Shan children.

"Water quality of yellow foreign river obtained national surface water Ⅰ kind standard, OK and direct drinkable. " before looking at an eye slowly shed eyes Huang Yang river, prefectural river presses down Liao Daoqin of Party committee secretary to say, local common people waters and irrigate to rely on this river, from south since water north moves a project to carry out, the water of yellow foreign river is masses of along the line not only with, more important is to send Beijing, we want to protect it like protecting an eye.

River of county of classics of yellow foreign river presses down 50 much kilometers, to command the influence of environment of travel opposite state, prefectural river town installed 120 to photograph in along the line of yellow foreign river like the head, main monitoring chaos pours water of rubbish, random blowdown, violate build, violate collect wait for behavior, once discovery is handled instantly.

Liao Daoqin introduces, deepen a river to grow in the round oneself since making the work, prefectural river town is carried out inside whole town limits " the river is long + superintendent + superintend is long + the member that protect a river " " 3 long " the river is long make administrative mechanism, classification paragraph fact supervises a canal to protect responsibility. In addition, sewage treatment plant was built on the town, finished 168 to change hutch lavatory, in order to ensure sewage does not have straight platoon, build rubbish pool, forbidden next rivers fish, make yellow foreign river into demonstrative river of province urban district with all one's strength.

Rely on favorable zoology environment, han Bin area builds in yellow foreign riverside red rise immigrant to remove find a place for village. Pass " zoology appropriate is resided and convenient obtain employment " the way with collateral double track, prefectural river town enrols business to introduce company of science and technology of factory of company of toy of wool cloth with soft nap, clothing, Yin Yan to wait for 5 community factory early or late, build flue-cured tobacco, vegetable area of 2 industries garden, offerred post of 500 many obtain employment for local masses, make remove masses came true truly " move reach, live firmly, can become rich " target.

Catch condominium together to ensure one river rinses on sustainable north

Village of road of town of the area just outside a city gate of white river county is boundary of another name for Hubei province of short for Shaanxi Province, local name is called " next checkpost " , also be Hanjiang gives short for Shaanxi Province here last protective screen.

"Here and Hubei province Yun on the west adjacent of photograph of county, Yun county, common says ' end of Hunan of head of the Qin Dynasty ' , belong to Shaanxi Hubei area of two provinces condominium, hanjiang enters another name for Hubei province from here, because situation is special, execute the law to also have certain difficulty. " look at slowly shed dripping one river clear water, banquet of superintendent of police inspector of the area just outside a city gate of white river county, wadi leaves and say, shaanxi and Hubei are in charge of each each previously, cannot form resultant force, collect illegally arenaceous, catch to happen from time to tome. Since two provinces build union a note of the ancient Chinese five-tone scale to negotiate a mechanism, white river county organizes large combination to execute the law 32 times, wadi go on a tour of inspection more than 300, conduction administration punishs a case 15 cases, wadi is superintended now had entered normalization, water quality gets great improvement.

Tao Dingguo of director of bureau of irrigation works of white river county says, in recent years, white river county insists to regard first class important matter as to catch water quality protection, advance a river to grow deep make the work, of the member that the member that fulfil a county to press down a village to superintend of class of superintendent of river course of degree of town of long, county, county grows 3 class river and protect a river, supervisor, water quality is monitored " 3 long + 3 " manage a mechanism, formed the favorable situation that stresses water quality of condominium wadi, protection together.

It is by the side of the highway of card of bound of have a common boundary of another name for Hubei province of short for Shaanxi Province, have an ordinary 4 dwellers building, in first floor there are 6 equipments to keeping day and night in a house in operation, a conduit from equipment one aspect of the matter the Hanjiang river heart outside direct window, computer screen is showing each data in real time, and what the other one aspect of the matter of screen connects is hall of environment of Shaanxi province zoology.

To ensure water quality of section giving short for Shaanxi Province amounts to mark, 2012, former Shaanxi visits environmental protection office (visit zoology environment office for Shaanxi now) build the Hanjiang that joins movement to give water quality of section of short for Shaanxi Province to monitor a station automatically, 4 hours are monitored, include 14 target such as ammoniac nitrogen, heavy metal, the data that monitor uploads hall of province zoology environment in real time.

Water quality of white river of substation of white river of bureau of environment of organisms' habits of in good health town monitors station stationmaster to say into Jing Sheng, to ensure the data that monitor is accurate, the station that monitor still undertook upgrading entirely to sampling equipment this year, show according to monitoring a result all the year round, the Ⅱ that Hanjiang gives stability of water quality of section of short for Shaanxi Province to achieve a country to set kind standard, ensured one river rinses on sustainable north.

[英语双语短新闻:纵深推进“河长制”确保“江水常清” ——探访南水北调中线工程水源地保护的安康故事]相关的文章:

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