英语新闻双语版:野生动物、热带雨林……第一批国家公园,你期待吗?

王南健 · 2021-06-08 12:22 · 来源:英语口语 · 浏览量:次 · 本文有2722个文字,大小约为10KB,预计阅读时间7分钟

建立国家公园体制,是党中央站在实现中华民族永续发展的战略高度作出的重大决策,是生态文明和美丽中国建设具有全局性统领性和标志性的重大制度创新。记者从国家林草局了解到,国家公园体制试点推进顺利,目前已完成第三方评估验收。

试点推进顺利 完成第三方评估验收

2015年,我国启动国家公园体制试点,目前正在开展东北虎豹、祁连山、大熊猫、三江源、海南热带雨林、武夷山、神农架、普达措、钱江源、南山等10处国家公园体制试点,试点区涉及12个省份,总面积超过22万平方公里,约占我国陆域国土面积的2.3%。

2020年7月—12月,国家林草局委托中国科学院牵头,联合清华大学、北京师范大学等16家单位的26位专家,组成国家公园体制试点评估验收工作组,对10个国家公园试点区的自然禀赋和试点工作情况开展评估验收。

群增加

国家公园保护的是全国最精华、最珍贵、最核心的自然生态资源,是生物多样性最富集的地方。从建立体制试点以来,各地加大力度,生物多样性保护取得积极成效。

大熊猫国家公园跨四川、陕西、甘肃三省,总面积2.7万多平方公里,其中面积占比最大的为四川省,约占四分之三。

在大熊猫国家公园四川什邡园区,最新野外监测和调查发现,园区里有大熊猫、川金丝猴等国家一级重点保护野生动物11种,藏酋猴、黑熊、斑羚、红腹角雉等国家二级重点保护野生动物33种。这几年,珍稀野生动物频频出现,这与当地自2017年启动的大熊猫国家公园体制试点工作密不可分。

大熊猫国家公园什邡管理总站负责人 王戈:我们在大熊猫国家公园试点期间,对整个210平方公里(保护区)进行了清理,我们境内无其它非法建筑、采砂等情况存在。目前的话,整个公园区内,生物多样性是比较完整的,然后平常动物的遇见率也比较高。

祁连山国家公园甘肃片区面积达3.44万平方公里,分布有大量的森林、草原、湿地、冰川等自然资源,是雪豹、藏野驴、白唇鹿、雪莲等珍稀濒危野生动植物栖息地和分布区。工作人员告诉记者,现在祁连山发现雪豹、白唇鹿已不是什么稀罕事了。他们在最新回收的监测视频里,发现了豺的活动踪迹。今年,豺由国家二级保护野生动物升为国家一级保护野生动物。

大熊猫 祁连山国家公园甘肃省管理局张掖分局 马堆芳:豺在祁连山里处于食物链的顶端,它和雪豹等动物对这个食草动物的平衡,对整个生态系统健康发展的生态作用,非常关键。

通过国家公园试点这几年,保护力度不断加强,像大熊猫、东北虎豹、藏羚羊等珍稀野生动物,种群明显增加。

国家林草局调查规划设计院副院长 唐小平:所以它这个应该来说它的种群的扩展是比较快,所以通过这些“旗舰物种”的变化就能看出来,我们(国家公园)生态保护的成效是非常好的。

今年将正式设立第一批国家公园

国家林草局有关负责人表示,按照国家公园体制试点的工作安排,今年将正式设立第一批国家公园。

通过几年的努力,国家公园体制试点已取得阶段性成果。国家林草局会同中国科学院,开展了全国自然保护地体系规划和国家公园空间布局研究。在全面梳理全国具有国家代表性的生态系统、珍稀濒危物种分布和自然地貌景观特征的基础上,对标国家公园设立标准,整合现有自然保护地及周边生态保护红线内的生态脆弱区,遴选出一批国家公园候选区。

【英语新闻双语版:野生动物、热带雨林……第一批国家公园,你期待吗?】英语翻译

Build national park system, it is station of the Party Central Committee what in implementation the Chinese nation the strategic height of sustainable progress makes is great and decision-making, it is the major institution innovation that zoology civilization and beautiful China construction have global sex all to understand gender and mark sex. The reporter understands from national forest careless bureau, national park system is pilot advance successful, already finished tripartite to evaluate at present check and accept.

Pilot advance finish tripartite smoothly to evaluate check and accept

2015, system of park of the our country state that start is pilot, beginning selva of northeast Hu Bao, Qi Lianshan, giant panda, 3 rivers source, Hainan, Wu Yi at present hill, Shen Nong Jia, Pudacuo, Qian Jiangyuan, south the park of 10 place state such as hill, pilot area involves 12 province, gross area exceeds kilometer of 220 thousand square, 2.3% what occupy area of land of region of our country land about.

In July 2020, in December, national forest careless bureau entrusts a the Chinese Academy of Sciences to take the lead, combine 26 experts of 16 units such as Normal University of Tsinghua university, Beijing, system of compositive state park is pilot evaluate check to control a working group, the natural gift of pilot to 10 states park area and pilot job circumstance are begun evaluate check and accept.

Group increase

What national park protects is the whole nation most the elite, most precious, most the natural zoology resource of core, it is biology diversity the place of the richest collect. From build since system is pilot, each district increases strength, biology diversity protection obtains positive result.

Park of giant panda state crosses Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu Province 3 provinces, gross area kilometer of 27 thousand much square, among them the area is occupied than the biggest save for Sichuan, occupy about 3/4.

In area of garden of Fang of assorted of Sichuan of park of giant panda state, newest field is monitored and investigate discovery, there is giant panda in garden area, plain one class key protects the country such as golden monkey wild animal 11 kinds, 2 class key protects the country such as tragopan of monkey Tibetan chief of a tribe, blackbear, goral, red abdomen wild animal 33 kinds. These a few years, precious is rare wild animal appears again and again, the system of park of giant panda state that this and place start from 2017 is pilot the job is inseparable.

Fang of assorted of park of giant panda state manages terminal controller Wang Ge: We are during park of giant panda state is pilot, right whole 210 square kilometer (groove guard) undertook clearing, our churchyard is built illegally without other, collect arenaceous wait for a circumstance to exist. Current word, inside whole park area, biology diversity is more complete, next of common animal encounter rate is higher also.

Gansu Province of park of Qi Lianshan state piece area area amounts to kilometer of thirty-four thousand four hundred square, distributing have the rich such as many forest, prairie, wet ground, glacier, it is snow leopard, Cang Ye the precious such as deer of ass, white lip, Xue Lian is rare be in severe danger habitat of wild vivid plant and distributinging area. The staff member tells a reporter, what is Qi Lianshan discovers deer of snow leopard, white lip now already rare thing. They are in newest in the reclaiming video that monitor, discovered the mobile trail of jackal. This year, jackal by the country wild animal of 2 class protection rises for the country one class protects wild animal.

Horse of Zhang Yefen bureau piles management board of the Gansu Province of park of state of giant panda Qi Lianshan fragrant: Jackal is in the top of food chain in Qi Lianshan, the animal such as it and ounce is right the balance of this herbivore, to the zoology effect that whole ecosystem health develops, very crucial.

Pass national park pilot these a few years, protective strength is strengthened ceaselessly, rare like the precious such as sheep of giant panda, northeast Hu Bao, Cang Ling wild animal, kind group increase apparently.

National forest careless bureau investigates Tang Xiaoping of assistant dean of program designing institute: So it this should for its kind group expanding is faster, pass these so " admiral species " change can see, we (national park) the effect that zoology protects is first-rate.

Will create park of the first batch of states formally this year

National forest careless bureau expresses about chief, according to national park system pilot job is arranged, will create park of the first batch of states formally this year.

Pass effort of a few years, national park system is pilot already obtained level sex positive result. National forest careless bureau jointly with the the Chinese Academy of Sciences, began countrywide nature to protect research of land system program and layout of national park space. Combing the whole nation to have the ecosystem with representative country, precious in the round rare endangered species distributings and on the foundation of feature of naturally appearance landscape, establish a standard to bid country park, the modes of life and relation to their environment inside ground of integrated and existing natural protection and red line of circumjacent zoology protection is weak area, choose park of a batch of states to await an electorate.

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