国际双语新闻_为避免污名化 世卫用希腊字母命名新冠变异毒株

双头婴 · 2021-06-07 19:18 · 来源:英语口语 · 浏览量:次 · 本文有2782个文字,大小约为10KB,预计阅读时间7分钟

  综合法新社、《卫报》、路透社报道:全球新冠疫情发生一年多以来,多国相继出现变种新冠病毒毒株。为避免最早发现变种的国家被污名化,世界卫生组织(WHO)5月31日宣布,将以希腊字母来称呼全球各地新冠变种毒株。世卫新冠疫情技术负责人范克尔霍夫表示,“任何国家都不应该因为检测和通报新冠病毒变异体而被污名化。”另外,英国近期疫情出现反弹迹象,新增病例大部分涉及在印度发现的变种病毒B.1.617.2,恐令6月21日最终阶段的解封计划延迟。

  自新冠疫情发生以来,中国无疑成为新冠病毒“污名化”的最大受害者。全球多国发现新冠变种病毒后,媒体报道中也经常将变种病毒与发现的地方挂鈎。为了避免污名化,近几个月以来,世卫一直在讨论变种重新命名工作。

  世卫5月31日决定以希腊字母来命名新冠变种病毒,根据被发现的时间,按照24个希腊字母的顺序排序。例如,希腊字母“Alpha”将代表全球最早、在英国首先发现的变种B.1.1.7,“Beta”代表首现于南非的B.1.351,“Gamma”则代表首现于巴西变种病毒的P.1,而首现于印度的B.1.617.2变种病毒被称作“Delta”。当希腊字母表的24个字母用完时,世卫将引用新方式来命名其他变种。

  曾考虑用希腊诸神命名

  世卫表示,变种毒株的科学名称难记且容易误报,加上民众经常使用首先发现地来称呼变种毒株,带来污名化和歧视性的不良影响。为避免上述情况并简化公共交流,当局才鼓励各国政府、媒体和其他机构採用新的名称。

  世卫新冠疫情技术负责人范克尔霍夫在推特上强调,“任何国家都不应该因为检测和通报新冠病毒变异体而被污名化。”她说,新命名方法为了帮助公众讨论,并不会取代现有的科学名称。她还呼吁各国对变种病毒进行“强有力的监测”,并分享科学数据以帮助阻止其传播。

  世卫实验室高级研究员科宁斯表示,最初的计划是自行创造双音节的“混成词”,但后来发现名字大多已经被公司、地点甚至是民众使用。此外,世卫亦曾考虑过用希腊神话里诸神的名字,以及用阿拉伯数字来命名变种病毒。但针对后一种方案,世卫认为阿拉伯数字可能会与基因测序的数据混淆而最终放弃。

  英解封恐因变种病毒推迟

  另外,世卫总干事谭德塞致年度大会闭幕辞表示,“缺乏数据、信息、病原体、技术和资源的分享”是疫情大流行本质特征,而“(大流行)协议将促进共享、信任和问责,并为建立其他全球卫生安全机制奠定坚实的基础。”他介绍称,目前已有60多个国家表态支持,成员国还将在11月29日举行会议进一步探讨此事。

  因应在印度发现的变种病毒B.1.617.2,英国近期疫情出现反弹迹象,5月31日新增3383宗确诊病例,过去一周内共录得23418宗确诊病例,较此前一周增加28.8%。英国政府新兴呼吸道病毒威胁谘询小组(Nervtag)成员古普塔教授表示:“(英国的)新增确诊病例数量呈指数型增长,其中至少四分之三是新变种个案。”

  他指出,英国现在已经处吁第三波疫情的开端,但由于疫苗接种率高,所以可能会比前几波疫情需要更长时间爆发。截至6月1日,英国已有59%的人口至少打完一剂疫苗。

  根据政府计划,英国将在6月21日进入最后解封阶段,取消所有社交距离限制。首相约翰逊将在6月14日决定是否推进这一最后阶段。古普塔表示,现在英国的接种率距离能够控制疫情传播的70%水平已经不算太远,应该将解封计划推迟“几个星期”。

【国际双语新闻_为避免污名化 世卫用希腊字母命名新冠变异毒株】英语翻译

Synthesis new company, " defend a newspaper " , Reuter report: Since epidemic situation of global new coronal happens more than one year, multilateral appear in succession poisonous individual plant of virus of mutation new coronal. To avoid to discover varietal country is changed by opprobrium the earliest, world Health Organization (WHO)5 announces 31 days month, will come with Greek letter poisonous individual plant of mutation of new coronal of each district of appellation whole world. Fankeerhuofu represents chief of technology of epidemic situation of world Wei Xinguan, any “ countries because detect,should not mutate with virus of bulletin new coronal body and be changed by opprobrium. ” is additional, epidemic situation of British near future appears rebound evidence, add case of illness newly to involve the varietal virus B.1.617.2 that discovers in India for the most part, fear making the solution of final on June 21 phase seals plan defer.

Since epidemic situation of coronal of make a fresh start happens, china becomes opprobrium of “ of new coronal virus to turn the biggest victim of ” undoubtedly. The whole world is multilateral after discovering virus of new coronal mutation, in media coverage often also hang the place of varietal virus and discovery Zuo . Change to avoid opprobrium, since nearly a few months, the world is defended work in discussion mutation rechristen all the time.

The world is defended the decision named new coronal varietal virus on May 31 with Greek letter, according to the time that is discovered, according to sort of order of 24 Greek abecedarian. For example, greek letter “Alpha” will represent the whole world the earliest, varietal B.1.1.7 that discovers above all in England, “Beta” is represented head show the B.1.351 at south Africa, “Gamma” is represented head show the P.1 at Brazilian mutation virus, and head show the B.1.617.2 mutation virus at India to be called “Delta” . When 24 letters of Greek alphabet are gone, the world is defended will cite new way will name other mutation.

Ever considered to use Greek all gods name

The world is defended express, the scientific name of varietal poison individual plant is written down hard and look fallibility newspaper, add the people to often be used discover the ground comes above all appellation mutation poisonous individual plant, bring the bad influence that opprobrium is changed and discriminates against a gender. Simplify to prevent afore-mentioned situations communal communication, authorities just encourages each country government, media and other orgnaization to use new name.

Fankeerhuofu is pushing chief of technology of epidemic situation of world Wei Xinguan to go up especially emphasize, any “ countries because detect,should not mutate with virus of bulletin new coronal body and be changed by opprobrium. She says ” , new name a method to discuss to assist the community, can not replace existing scientific name. She still appeals each country undertakes the monitoring ” with strong “ to varietal virus, share scientific data to prevent its in order to help to travel.

The world guards a laboratory Keningsi expresses senior researcher, original plan is to create ” of word of disyllabic “ blending by oneself, but discovering the name has been nodded by company, ground mostly later is the people even use. In addition, wei Yiceng has considered the world to use all magical names in Greek mythology, and will name varietal virus with the arabic numerals. But a kind of plan after be aimed at, the world defends the data that thinks the arabic numerals may measure order with gene to abandon promiscuous and finally.

Flower solution is sealed because varietal virus is deferred,fear

Additional, the world defends a place of strategic importance of heart of Tan of total a secretary in charge of sth to send concluding demit of year mass rally to express, of “ lack data, information, pathogen, technology and resource sharing ” is feature of essence of epidemic situation craze, and “(craze) the agreement will be promoted share, trust and ask duty, lay solid foundation to establish mechanism of safety of sanitation of other whole world. Introduction ” his introduction says, at present already 60 many countries make known his position to support, member country still will hold the conference to discuss this matter further on November 29.

The varietal virus B.1.617.2 that discovers in India because of answering, epidemic situation of British near future appears rebound evidence, add 3383 diagnose case newly on May 31, record in all inside past a week 23418 diagnose case of illness, relatively a week before this increases 28.8% . British government is burgeoning group of to inquire and consult of menace of respiratory tract virus (Professor Gupuda represents Nervtag) member: Of “(England) add amount of diagnose case of illness newly to show index growth, among them at least 3/4 it is new mutation case. ”

He points out, england has been in now why of epidemic situation of triple wave germinant, but because vaccine is vaccinal rate is high, may need to erupt more for long than before a few epidemic situation so. Up to on June 1, england already had the population of 59% to make potion vaccine at least.

According to governmental plan, england will enter ultimate solution to seal level on June 21, cancel all socialization to be apart from limitation. Premier writings brush abdicate will decide to whether advance this one final phase on June 14 about. Gupuda expresses, the 70% standards that vaccinal rate distance of England can control epidemic situation to travel now had not calculated too far, should seal solution the plan to defer “ ” of a few weeks.

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