国际双语新闻_塔尔萨种族屠杀已过百年 美国种族主义仍根深蒂固

顾周皓 · 2021-06-07 17:24 · 来源:英语口语 · 浏览量:次 · 本文有2828个文字,大小约为10KB,预计阅读时间8分钟

图:示威者去年5月27日在明尼阿波利斯焚烧美国国旗,抗议弗洛伊德被杀。\法新社

  美国总统拜登5月31日发表公告,宣布当天为“1921年塔尔萨种族屠杀100周年纪念日”,呼吁美国民众“反思我们国家种族恐怖的深刻根源”。1921年5月31日,美国俄克拉何马州塔尔萨市约300名非裔美国人被白人暴徒杀害,当地原本繁华的“黑色华尔街”更是一夜之间沦为废墟。事后没有暴徒被起诉或受到惩罚,遇害者亲属和幸存者没有得到任何赔偿,当地政府更对这段血腥历史讳莫如深。100年后的美国社会,系统性种族主义仍然根深蒂固。非裔男子弗洛伊德去年被白人警察跪颈而亡,引发大规模“黑人的命也是命”抗争运动,证明美国政府从未真正着手剷除这一沉疴痼疾。

  种族主义的陈年旧疤不断淌出新血,美国总统拜登自己也承认,仇恨和种族主义是“长期困扰和折磨我们国家的丑陋毒药”。他5月31日就塔尔萨种族屠杀100周年发表纪念公告,承认美国政府在这起事件中扮演了不光彩的角色。

  20世纪初,塔尔萨因附近发现石油迅速致富。塔尔萨北部的格林伍德社区成为当时全美最繁荣的黑人经济和文化中心之一,有“黑色华尔街”之称,引发了白人种族主义者的怨恨。

  白人暴徒未被追责

  1921年5月30日,一名19岁的黑人擦鞋匠因涉嫌在电梯里“侵犯”一名17岁的白人女孩被捕,次日出版的当地白人报纸对此进行了添油加醋却毫无实据的报道。5月31日至6月1日,数千白人暴徒袭击了格林伍德黑人社区。他们纵火、抢劫、开枪,甚至动用飞机从空中投掷自制燃烧弹。逾1200栋住宅和商铺被烧成焦土,约300名黑人遇害,大批黑人被关进拘留营,由国民警卫队看守。

  令人发指的是,事发后没有暴徒被起诉,也没有幸存者和遇难者家属得到合理赔偿。三名当年的幸存者5月19日出席了美国国会众议院一个小组委员会的听证会,要求起诉塔尔萨市及大屠杀肇事者,并就这一事件寻求赔偿。

  现年107岁的幸存者之一维奥拉.弗莱彻作证时说:“我每天都在回忆这场屠杀,我们的国家可能已经忘记这段历史,但我永远不会。”她表示,一开始当地报纸只强调有两名白人遇害,之后公布的死亡人数也在30到100人之间摇摆。在种族屠杀发生后的半个多世纪里,俄克拉何马州的官方纪录和学校课本中都对这段历史避而不谈,很多幸存者的后代,都对它一无所知。

  塔尔萨如今南富北贫

  屠杀发生后,当地通过法令实施新的建筑标准,建房成本之高令多数黑人家庭无法重建家园;联邦政府把格林伍德社区列为“危险”区域,令黑人房主无法以同等条件获得住房贷款。之后几十年里,联邦政府的投资,包括穿过格林伍德的联邦高速公路建设,使社区遭到拆除和切断。

  当今的塔尔萨南富北贫,北部黑人居民与同城白人在就业、健康和经济状况等方面差距显著。政府数据显示,白人家庭收入中位数比黑人家庭高出约两万美元。塔尔萨种族屠杀百年纪念委员会成员奥尔当说,环视当下的美国,人们仍能看到百年前种族屠杀事件的连锁效应。

  《纽约时报》的数据显示,“黑人的命也是命”运动的支持率自2020年夏天达到顶峰后,呈现不断下降的趋势。美国南部多州已经或正在通过立法程序,限制少数族裔的投票权。美国经常以“保护人权”为借口干涉别国内政,甚至给其他国家扣上“种族灭绝”的帽子,而实际情况是,自诩“人权灯塔”的美国是时候照照自己了。分析指,从联邦政府到各州政府,从未真正着手解决种族歧视问题。一些政客高调纪念弗洛伊德,本质上是为赢得选民支持,攫取政治利益。

【国际双语新闻_塔尔萨种族屠杀已过百年 美国种族主义仍根深蒂固】英语翻译

Graph: Demonstrate person in bright Buddhist nun Si Fen of A Bo benefit burned American national flag on May 27 last year, protest Fuluoyide to be killed. \ Afp

American president is done obeisance to ascend published announcement on May 31, announce to was “1921 that day year Daersa is phyletic slaughter ” of 100 anniversary day, “ of people of appeal United States reviews our country ” of phyletic bloodcurdling deep germ. On May 31, 1921, city of Sa of Er of tower of city of He Ma of American Russia carat makes an appointment with American of 300 blame descendants to be killed by white man thug, place originally ” of flourishing “ black wall street is more remains is reduced between one night. After the event is sued without thug or be punished, be murdered person relative and survival did not receive any compensation, local government is righter closely guard a secret of this paragraph of bloody history. The American society after 100 years, systematization racialism is confirmed still. The man that be not descendants Fuluoyide died by neck of genuflect of white man police last year, the lot that causes large-scale “ black also is motion of life ” make a stand against, government of proof United States never begins truly eliminates chronic illness of this one severe illness.

Of racialism age old scar drips ceaselessly a new blood, american president is done obeisance to ascend oneself to also admit, animosity and racialism are “ long-term worry and the deformed bane ” that afflict our country. He on May 31 with respect to Daersa phyletic slaughter publish commemorative announcement 100 years, admitted American government to act the part of dishonour in this incident.

At the beginning of 20 centuries, discover oil becomes rich quickly near Daersayin. Community of Daersa's upper heart of Glyn five becomes the black economy that complete at that time beauty flourishs most and one of culture centers, have ” of “ black wall street say, caused the resentment of white man racist.

White man thug was not chased after duty

On May 30, 1921, the white man girl that because be suspected of encroaching ” in the “ in elevator 17 years old,a black of 19 years old brushs shoemaker is arrested, the newspaper of local white man that morrow publishs undertook to this add inflammatory details to is without the report of substantial evidence however. Came on May 31 on June 1, thug of thousands of white man assaulted community of black of heart of Glyn five. Their arson, rob, shoot, employ a plane to abstain incendiary from the cast in sky even. Even more 1200 residences and business are spread by firing ravages of war, make an appointment with 300 blacks be murdered, large quantities of blacks are detained by coop battalion, by national posse guard.

Of bristle with anger making a person is, accident hind is sued without thug, also receive reasonable compensation without survival and victim family member. 3 in those days survival attended Boule of United States Congress on May 19 the hearing of a subcommittee, the requirement sues the person that city of tower Er Sa reachs massacre cause trouble, seek compensation with respect to this one incident.

One of survival that are 107 years old Viola. Fulaiche says when attest: I am in “ everyday memory slaughters this, our country may have forgotten this paragraph of history, but I forever won't. She expresses ” , at the beginning local newspaper emphasizes having be murdered of two white men only, the dead number that announces later also is in 30 to sway between 100 people. In phyletic slaughter in half after happening many century, avoid talking to this paragraph of history in the official record of city of Russian carat He Ma and school textbook, the offspring of a lot of survival, right its utterly ignorant.

Daersaru today Na Fubei deficient

Slaughter after happening, place implements new building standard through the law, the Gao Lingduo of the cost that build a house counts black family to cannot rebuild home; labels community of heart of Glyn five federally area of “ danger ” , your black house-owner cannot obtain housing loan with coequal condition. Later in a few years, federally investment, include to cross the confederative freeway of heart of Glyn five to build, make demolish and community is cut off by.

Na Fubei deficient of current tower Er Sa, upper black dweller is in with the white man that be the same as a city the respect difference such as obtain employment, health and economic atmosphere is notable. Governmental data shows, median of income of white man family restrains 20 thousand dollars than black family tower above. Daersa is phyletic slaughter abstruse Er should say centenary committee member, the United States of sweep instantly, people still can see hundred years before phyletic slaughter the chain effect of incident.

" new York Times " data shows, after the supportive rate that the life of “ black also is life ” motion reached peak Spring 2020 oneself, present the trend that drops ceaselessly. American south much city already or adopting legislative program, limit the voting power that minority a group of things with common features descendantses. The United States often is excuse interference to fasten domestic politics with ” of “ protection human rights, buckle to other country even on the cap of “ genocidal ” , and actual condition is, the United States of ” of beacon of human rights of “ of crack oneself up is moment is illuminated illuminate oneself. The analysis points to, from arrive federally each state government, never begin to solve problem of the colour bar truly. A few politician are high-key commemorate Fuluoyide, it is to win constituency supports substantially, grab political interest.

[国际双语新闻_塔尔萨种族屠杀已过百年 美国种族主义仍根深蒂固]相关的文章:

  • 英语新闻报道双语:绘出环保新梦想 彭水学生树叶作画纪念六·五环境日
  • 英语双语新闻:普法活动进工地 报酬权益握手里
  • 两岸双语新闻_两岸一家/台商陆友合捐 1000万剂疫苗待赴台
  • 英语新闻报道双语:韩勇在省政协党组(扩大)会议上强调:凝心聚力履职尽责 建言资政助推经济高质量发展
  • 两分钟孩子中英双语故事:排队啦,排队啦
  • 国际双语新闻_造假骗专访 BBC前记者拒认伤害戴妃
  • 国际双语新闻_遭外媒断章取义 世衞专家撑多国溯源
  • 两岸双语新闻_台湾台北、新北高中以下学校停课 多场所休馆
  • 两岸双语新闻_八旬翁确诊失联 竟是逃亡12年通缉犯